Meadow Brook Golf Club was founded in 1898, and the original nine hole course was laid out by Alexander Findlay, a Scottish golf professional and early golf course designer. In 1903, Meadow Brook became one of the founding members of the Massachusetts Golf Association, and in the years leading up to World War I, the club hosted the annual Meadow Brook Invitational which always featured many of the best local amateurs. This included Francis Ouimet, who won the 1913 Meadow Brook event a few months after he shocked the sporting world by winning the U.S. Open in Brookline.

During the 1920's a number of renovations and improvements were made to the golf course based on the designs and recommendations of the noted golf architect, Wayne Stiles. In the 1960's the golf course was lengthened and further improvements were made under the direction of architect Geoffrey Cornish. Recently, the club began working with architect Ron Forse, to develop a long range plan that will refine certain design elements and restore a classic look and playability to all areas of the golf course.